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Sunday, 8 February 2015

CURRENT AFFAIRS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS-SEPTEMBER 2014

1. Retired Lt Gen who was arrested on September 1, 2014 on orders by a Delhi court which dismissed his bail plea for allegedly offering a Rs.14 crore bribe to then Army chief Gen. V.K. Singh for clearing a file pertaining to procurement of 1,676 heavy mobility Tatra vehicles?
Tejinder Singh.

2. Indian senior counsel who served as the 13th Attorney General for India, passed away on September 2, 2014?
Goolamhussein Essaji Vahanvati.
His first term in office began in June 2009 and was for three years. In 2012 his term as Attorney General of India was extended by two years.  In April 2013, Vahanvati's role in government came under scrutiny after allegations of immodesty and coercion emerged from his junior law officer, Harin P. Raval, who resigned from the post of Additional Solicitor General as a result.
In December 1999, he was appointed as the Advocate General of Maharashtra which he served till June 2004 till he was elevated as the Solicitor General of India., where he handled various important cases, including the Enron cases and the stock market scam. He appeared in the nine judges Bench hearing on the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India. He represented Maharashtra state in the public interest litigation petition filed in the fake stamp paper scam. He successfully defended the challenge to the reservation for OBCs in higher education.  The International Cricket Council appointed him to hold an inquiry into the allegations of racism in Zimbabwe along with High Court Judge Steven Majied in September 2004. He was appointed Single Member Commission to inquire into allegations of racial abuse on South African cricketers during the South African tour of Australia in December 2005.

3. Name the ancient Indian university, which has been reopened in Bihar after 800 years?
Nalanda University. Under the leadership of Dr Amartya Sen, the new version of the university was opened on September 1, 2014. The Union government spent a whopping Rs 2,700 crore to build the university. The newly formed Nalanda University is located in Rajgir, near Nalanda, Bihar. The University began its first academic session on September 1, 2014. With 15 students including five women. The new campus is set to be spread over 443 acres (179 hecatares) about 15km (9 miles) from where the original university stood
Nalanda University was first established in the 5th Century during the Gupta dynasty. It was said to have attracted thousands of scholars and thinkers from around the world but the site was destroyed in the 1193 AD by an invading Turkish army.

4. Who has been appointed as the secretary in the ministry of Civil Aviation? 
 V Somasundaran.
 Rakesh Singh has been appointed as the secretary in the ministry of Steel.

5. Senior IPS officer who has been appointed as Special Director General of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)?
Ramesh Chand Tayal.

6. Who has been appointed as the new chief of Joint Intelligence Committee, a body tasked to assess intelligence gathered by various intelligence agencies including IB and RAW?
R. N. Ravi.

7. The new generation Naval Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) built by Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL), which is commissioned on September 4, 2014?
INS Sumitra.
NS Sumitra is Indian Navy’s largest OPV, the fourth in its class and built on in-house design of GSL. The ship is fitted with most sophisticated weapons, guns, heavy calibre SRGM, rapid fire Russian AK630 guns, chaff launchers Kavach, EW system Sanket and various other electronic sensors.

8. The world's oldest Test cricketer who was the last survivor of the timeless Test, passed away in Johannesburg on September 2, 2014?
Norman Gordon.
      He was a South African cricketer who played in five Tests in the 1938–39 South African cricket season. Gordon became the oldest-ever Test cricketer on 23 March 2011, when he surpassed New Zealander Eric Tindill, who died on 1 August 2010. He made his Test debut against England in December 1938, playing every Test of the five-match series.

      The South African fast bowler played in the timeless Test in Durban in 1939, in which England came within 42 runs of victory after 10 days of cricket but had to settle for a draw in order to catch their mail boat back home. Gordon was in the middle of his 93rd eight-ball over when it was decided to call it a day to allow England to rush to catch a train to Cape Town from where they would embark on the sea voyage home.

          A timeless Test is a match of Test cricket played under no limitation of time, which means the match is played until one side wins or the match is tied, with theoretically no possibility of a draw.

9. Which countries signed a pact on civil nuclear energy deal on 5 September 2014?
India and Australia.
The agreement paves the way for India to import uranium from Australia, apart from cooperation in production of radio isotopes, nuclear safety and other areas of cooperation in atomic energy. The agreement in fact made India the first non-NPT country to be eligible for importing uranium from Australia, which has nearly 40 per cent of the world’s yellowcake reserves.

10. US OPEN TENNIS 2014 WINNERS:

US Open Men’s Singles-2014 Winner-  Marin Cilic  (Croatia).
He defeated Kei Nishikori (Japan) in the final.
US Open Women’s Singles-2014 Winner- Serena Williams (USA).
She defeated Caroline Wozniacki (Denmark) in the final.

US Open Men’s Doubles-2014 Winners- Bob Bryan (USA) and Mike Bryan (USA).
They defeated Marcel Granollers (Spain) and Marc Lopez (Spain) in the final.

US Open Women’s Doubles-2014 Winners- Ekaterina Makarova (Russia) and Elena Vesnina (Russia) 
They defeated Martina Hingis (Switzerland) and Flavia Pennetta, (Italy) in the final.

US Open Mixed Doubles-2014 Winners- Sania Mirza (India) and Bruno Soares (Brazil).
They defeated Abigail Spears (USA) and Santiago Gonzalez (Mexico) in the final.

11. Former Chief Justice of India who was sworn in as Governor of Kerala on September 5, 2015?
P. Sathasivam. 
He served as the 40th Chief Justice of India. Sathasivam is the second judge from Tamil Nadu to become the CJI. He is also the first former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court to be appointed as the Governor of a state.

12. Senior advocate who informed the Supreme Court that he was ready to continue as the amicus curiae of the Sree Padmanabhaswamy Temple?
Gopal Subramanium.
The Supreme Court had asked Gopal Subramaniam to reconsider his decision to withdraw himself as amicus curiae and continue to assist it on the row over the administration and management of Kerala's famous Sree Padmanabha Swamy temple. 

13. Danish toy maker who has taken the top spot as the world's biggest maker of toys by sales, overtaking Barbie doll-maker “Mattel” in September 2014?
Lego
Danish toy manufacturer Lego Group has taken the title of the biggest toymaker in the world in terms of revenue and profit. The popular Lego movie helped propel sales 11% higher in the first six months of the year.

14. Leader of the “al Shabaab” Islamist terrorist group based in Somalia who was killed in a U.S. airstrike in Somalia on 1 September 2014 in southern Somalia?
Ahmed Abdi Godane.
He was the Emir (leader) of al-Shabaab, an Islamist group with ties to Al Qaeda. Godane, who received training and fought in Afghanistan, was designated by the United States as a terrorist. He succeeded Mukhtar Robow who had held the position for several months after Aden Ayro's death. 
Since taking charge of al Shabaab in 2008, Godane had restyled the group as a global player in the al Qaeda network, carrying out bombings and suicide attacks in Somalia and elsewhere in the region, including the Sept. 21, 2013, attack on the Westgate shopping mall in Nairobi, Kenya, that killed 67 people.
     On 6 September 2014, al-Shabaab officially confirmed Godane's death and announced Ahmad Umar as his successor.

15. Which country beat Australia by six wickets in the final of the one-day international triangular series, involving Zimbabwe, at the Harare Sports Club on September 6, 2014?
South Africa.
 Man of the match in the final: Dale Steyn (South Africa). He took 4 wickets.

16. Who won the Player of the Series award in the one-day international triangular series, involving Zimbabwe, South Africa and Australia?
Faf du Plessis (South Africa).

17. Who won the Italian Grand Prix -2014?
Lewis Hamilton.

18. Name the  small near-earth asteroid that made a close approach to Earth of 0.000267 AU (39,900 km; 24,800 mi) (0.1 lunar distances) on 7 September 2014?
2014 RC.
It is the fastest rotating asteroid so far discovered.

19. Who is the new Prime Minister of Iraq?
Previously he served as Minister of Communication from 2003 to 2004, in the first government after Saddam Hussein. A Shia Muslim, he was designated as Prime Minister by President Fuad Masum on 11 August 2014 to succeed Nouri al-Maliki and was approved by the Iraqi parliament on 8 September 2014.

20. Off spinner of Pakistan who has been banned from bowling in international cricket by the ICC after his action was deemed to be illegal for all deliveries?
Saeed Ajmal.

21. What is the name of the much-awaited autobiography of batting sensation Sachin Tendulkar?


Playing it My way.
The book, titled ‘Playing It My Way’, will be published worldwide by Hodder and Stoughton and by Hachette India in the Indian sub-continent.The book has been co-authored by renowned cricket historian and media personality Boria Majumdar.

22. Who became the first Indian shooter to qualify for the 2016 Rio Olympics after bagging a quota place with an impressive silver medal-finish at the 51st Shooting World Championship?
Jitu Rai.
Jitu, a Commonwealth Games gold medallist. shot a total of 191.1 to fetch the silver while the gold went to South Korean Jin Jongh (192.3).

23. Indian senior counsel who served as the 13th Attorney General for India, passed away on September 2, 2014?
Goolam Essaji Vahanvati.
His first term in office began in June 2009 and was for three years.

24. Who became the most successful Indian captain ever in the one-dayers after India's nine-wicket thrashing of England in the fourth ODI?
Mahendra Singh Dhoni.
The victory against England at the Edgbaston was Dhoni's 91st ODI win as skipper. He surpassed Mohammad Azharuddin's tally of 90 ODI victories as captain. Dhoni first captained the Indian one-day team against Australia in 2007 at Bangalore, after former captain Rahul Dravid had exited the post in a surprise move.

25. Who is the current Chief Justice of India?


H.L.Dattu.
He is the 42nd chief justice of India. Before his elevation as a judge of the Supreme Court of India on 17 December 2008, he had served as the Chief Justice of Kerala High Court and Chhattisgarh High Court.

26. Name the two women scientists who have been nominated by HRD Ministry of India to the council of the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), which is evidently the apex body of all the 16 IITs?
Tessy Thomas and Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath.
The two women scientists Tessy Thomas and V. Ravindranath became first Women directors in IIT council. Tessy Thomas is the first woman to head India’s missile program. She is in charge of Agni-4 missile project of Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO). On the other hand, Vijayalakshmi Ravindranath has helped establish the National Brain Research Centre. This research on neurogenerative disorders can be used to develop disease-modifying therapies. 
IIT council is led by HRD minister and comprises of 3 members of Parliament, the chairpersons and directors of all the IITs, the chairperson of the UGC, the director general of CSIR, the chairman and directors of the IISc, nominees of HRD ministry and 3 appointees each of the ministry and AICTE.

27. Which short film has bagged the Best Global Voice award at the Muskoka International Film Festival in Canada?
Laadam.
 The film is produced and directed by Sandeep Pamballi. Laadam was the only film from India to be selected to Muskoka International Film Festival that was held from August 28 to September 2.

28. Former SAC Capital Advisors LP portfolio manager who was sentenced to nine years in prison on September 8, 2014 for the most lucrative insider-trading scheme in history?


Mathew Martoma.

29. Man of the match winners of two test cricket matches played between Bangladesh and West Indies held in West Indies in September 2014:
First test between Bangladesh and West Indies held in Kingstown from September 5-9:
Man of the Match: Kraigg Brathwaite (West Indies). He scored 212 runs in the first innings.
Result: West Indies won by 10 wickets.

Second test between Bangladesh and West Indies held in St.Lucia from September 13-16:
Man of the Match: Shivnarine Chanderpaul (West Indies). He scored unbeaten 84 runs in the first innings and unbeaten 101 runs in second innings.
Result: West Indies won by 296 runs.
Series - West Indies won the 2-match series 2-0.

30. Who won the Player of the Series award in the two test cricket matches played between Bangladesh and West Indies held in West Indies in September 2014?
Kraigg Brathwaite (West Indies).

31. Name the nuclear-capable, surface-to-surface missile which is successfully test fired by India from a military base in Odisha on September 11, 2014?
Agni-I.
The missile, which can strike a target 700 km away and can carry a one-tonne nuclear warhead, was tested by the armed forces as part of user trial from a facility on Wheeler Island near Dhamra in Bhadrak district, 170 km from state capital Bhubaneswar.

32. Hollywood Actor best known for playing metal-mouthed James Bond villain Jaws, passed away on September 10, 2014?
 Richard Kiel.
Kiel's signature character appeared in the Bond films The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) and Moonraker (1979). The actor also played an alien in the famed 1962 Twilight Zone episode "To Serve Man," a hitman in the Gene Wilder-Richard Pryor comedy Silver Streak (1976) and Adam Sandler's boss in the classic golf comedy Happy Gilmore (1996).

33. Which Bollywood film starring Priyanka Chopra has been declared tax free in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand and Gujarat?
Mary Kom.
         In the film, Priyanka Chopra is playing Olympic medal-winning boxer Mary Kom, the daughter of a poor farmer who loves boxing. The film has been produced by filmmaker Sanjay Leela Bhansali. The film is directed by Omung Kumar.
  Earlier, various state governments including Maharashtra, Bihar, UP and others had granted tax exemption to Farhan Akhtar starrer ‘Bhaag Milkha Bhaag’, a biopic on legendary athlete Milkha Singh. 

34. Who became the first Indian to go to the stratosphere, the second layer of the Earth’s atmosphere?
TN Suresh Kumar.
He is a senior scientist working with the ISRO’s Master Control Facility in Hassan. He made it to an altitude of 17,100 metres on August 15 in a MIG-29 from Sokol Airbase near Nizhny Novgorod in Russia paying a hefty fee of around Rs. 15 lakh from his savings.

35. Chief Minister of which state handed over a cheque of Rs 1 crore to tennis player Sania Mirza  on September 11, 2014 for winning the US Open mixed doubles grand slam title?
Telangana.
Telangana State government had appointed Sania Mirza as the Brand Ambassador of Telangana in July, 2014.

36. The 2014 Asian Games, officially known as the XVII Asiad is held at?
 Incheon, South Korea. (From September 19 – October 4, 2014). Incheon was awarded the right on April 17, 2007, defeating Delhi, India to host the Games. Incheon was the third city in South Korea after Seoul (1986) and Busan (2002) to host the Asian Games. 439 events in 36 sports and disciplines featured in the 2014 Asian Games. The final medal tally was led by China, followed by South Korea and Japan. Japanese swimmer Kosuke Hagino was announced as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Games.

37. Name the Three Spotted seal siblings which are declared as official mascot of the 2014 Asian Games?
Chumuro, Vichuon and Barame.
         The three seals, known as "Barame", "Chumuro" and "Vichuon", means wind, dance and light in Korean language, is in accordance with the theme of main venue. According to the organisers, the mascot was chosen as symbolic to the future peace between South Korea and North Korea. 
The official emblem  represent by a huge wing consisting of a string of "A", the first letter of "Asia", with a shining sun at its upper left, it symbolising the Asian people holding hands in the sky.
             The Official poster of 2014 Asian Games was the six posters which was designed after categorising the 28 Olympic sports into five groups to represent the philosophy and values of the Games. The five groups are racquet sports, ball sports, water sports, athletic sports and weight class.
       On September 27, 2012, Swiss watchmaker company Tissot was named as the official timekeeper of the Games.
      The official album was released by Universal Music was released on June 20, 2014, which featured "Only One", performed by JYJ as the official theme song of the Games.

38. Which country had the highest number of unregistered children under age five between 2000 and 2012 and the second-highest number of child marriages, according to a U.N. report in September 2014?
India.
The highest rate of child marriage is in Bangladesh (where two out of every three girls marry before age 18), followed by India, Nepal and Afghanistan.

39. British actor who excelled at everything from Shakespeare's King Lear to TV sitcoms such as "Two's Company" and "Never the Twain.", passed away on September 12, 2014?


Donald Sinden.
He received a knighthood in 1997 in recognition of his contribution to the arts.

40. First Minister of Northern Ireland from May 2007 to June 2008, who passed away on September 12, 2014?
Ian Paisley.
He is the co-founder and former leader of the Democratic Unionist Party.

41. The Union Government of India has decided to shut down a watch company on 11 September 2014 which was set up in the year 1961. Which is that watch company?
HMT  
The government has decided to wind up the company, a wholly-owned subsidiary of HMT Ltd, which has been incurring losses since 2000. HMT watches were set up in 1961 in collaboration with Japan’s Citizen Watch. The company’s net loss rose to Rs 242.47 crore in 2012-13 from Rs 224.04 crore in 2011-12. The Board for Reconstruction of Public Sector Enterprises (BRPSE) recommended closing the unit as it has been incurring losses since 2000.

          HMT Limited, formerly Hindustan Machine Tools Limited, is a state-owned manufacturing company under the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises in India. The company manufactures tractors, watches under its watch division and industrial machines and tools mainly under its Praga division.

42. British aid worker who was beheaded in September2014 by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, ISIS, Islamic State, IS)?
David Haines.
Mr Haines, was kidnapped in 2013 as he delivered humanitarian aid in Syria. Haines had been an aircraft engineer in the Royal Air Force before turning to work in humanitarian aid in 1999. He helped victims of conflict in the Former Yugoslavia, Africa and the Middle East. In 2012, he was an unarmed security worker for Nonviolent Peace force, a civilian peacekeeping group in South Sudan.

43. Which country sentenced U.S. citizen Matthew Todd Miller to six years hard labour in September 2014 for committing "hostile acts" as a tourist to the country?
North Korea.

44. Young Indian shuttler who won the USD 1,25,000 Indonesian Masters Grand Prix Gold defeating Firman Abdul Kholik in the final?


H. S. Prannoy.
This is the maiden title of his career. He has won a silver medal in the Boy’s singles at 2010 summer youth Olympics.

45. Former minister of Nepal and vice-chairman of Nepal`s Unified Communist Party of Nepal UPCN (Maoist), passed away in September 2014?
Bahadur Bogati.

46. Pulitzer Prize-winning editorial cartoonist whose sharp and creative commentary appeared in The Philadelphia Inquirer for more than 40 years, died of cancer on September 14, 2014?
Tony Auth. 
Auth was an American editorial cartoonist and children's book illustrator. Auth is best known for his syndicated work originally drawn for The Philadelphia Inquirer, for whom he worked from 1971 to 2012. Auth's art won the cartoonist the Pulitzer Prize in 1976 and the Herblock Prize in 2005.

47. Leader of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood who was imprisoned to life in prison and 14 others to 25 years in prison by an Egyptian court on September 15, 2014for murder and inciting violence?. 
Mohamed Badie.

48. Which countries signed seven agreements on September 15, 2015, including one for direct flights between their capitals, for scouting for oil, and an extended line of credit for purchase of defence equipment?
India and Vietnam.

49. Who has been appointed Pakistan's Twenty20 captain until the ICC World T20 in 2016?
Shahid Afridi.

50. Which country tops in the list of World’s Highest Number of Child deaths whose age is below 5 years according to the United Nations Report in September 2014? 
India. 

51. Parliament of which country on September 16, 2014 ratified a landmark agreement on political association and trade with the European Union?
Ukraine.

52. Name the first-known swimming dinosaur whose Fossils are discovered recently in Sahara Desert?
Spinosaurus aegyptiacus.
Fossils of Spinosaurus aegyptiacus were first discovered more than 100 years ago in Egypt, according to BBC. They were stored at a museum in Munich, Germany. But the fossils were destroyed by an Allied bomb during the World War II. But since then only a few bones of this species have been found.

53. The Hollywood actor who has been appointed as a United Nations representative on climate change?
Leonardo DiCaprio.
“Titanic “and “Wolf of Wall Street star” runs the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation, which is dedicated to protecting under-threat species and habitats, and last month donated $7 million (£4.32 million) to ocean conservation.

54. Who was appointed Chairperson of the National Commission for Women on 17 September 2014?
Lalitha Kumaramangalam .

55. Which country will host the 18th Asian Games in 2018?
Indonesia.
Indonesia's capital Jakarta will host the 18th Asian Games in 2018. Indonesia was approved as the host of the Games by Olympic Council of Asia executive board on September 19, 2014. They will host the Games in 2018 rather than original planned of 2019 to avoid the presidential election.

56. BJP leader who has been appointed as the new chairman of the prestigious Ethics Committee of Lok Sabha?
L. K. Advani.
Other members of the Committee are A Arunmozhithevan, Ninong Ering, Sher Singh Ghubaya, Hemant Tukaram Godse, Pralhad Joshi, Bhagatsingh Koshyari, Arjun Ram Meghwal, Bhartruhari Mahtab, Kariya Munda, Jayshreeben Patel, Malla Reddy, Sumedhanand Saraswati and Bhola Singh.
The Ethics Committee examines every complaint relating to unethical conduct of a member referred to it. Manikrao Gavit of Congress was heading the Committee in the last Lok Sabha.

57. Indian boxer who was awarded Arjuna Award by Government of India in 2014?
Manoj Kumar.
He won a gold medal in the light welterweight division at the 2010 Commonwealth Games.

58. Young Indian shooter who won the bronze medal in the 25m standard pistol event for junior men in the 51st Shooting World Championships?
Pradeep.

59. Which countries signed sixteen agreements in September 2014 to strengthen the strategic and bilateral relations between the two countries?
India and China.
Out of the sixteen agreements, thirteen were signed on 18 September 2014 in New Delhi and the three others were signed in Gujarat on 17 September 2014.

60. Who became India's flag bearer at 17th Asian Games opening ceremony?
Sardar Singh.
He is the captain of Men Hockey team of India.

61. World renowned Carnatic musician and a legendary Mandolin player who passed away on September 19, 2014 due to liver failure?
U.Srinivas.
Srinivas pioneered the introduction of the mandolin, a western instrument, into classical Carnatic music, because he fell in love with it as a five-year old, in the same manner as three much older musicians, Varahappa Iyer, Baluswami Dikshitar, and Vadivelu, had introduced the violin into Carnatic music, two hundred years ago. He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1998 by Government of India, and the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 2009. He was a follower and devotee of Sri Sathya Sai Baba and had performed before him on several occasions.
He recorded CD of Carnatic compositions by Ilaiyaraaja called Ilaiyaraaja's Classics in Mandolin. In 2008, U Srinivas released ' Samjanitha ' featuring Debashish Bhattacharya (Lap Steel Guitar), John McLaughlin,Zakir Hussain, Sivamani, Vikku Vinaykram, Dominique Piazza Michael Brook, U Rajesh and others.

62. Indian-American citizen who has been appointed as the United States Ambassador to India?
Richard Rahul Verma.

63. Resident Editor and Director of Malayala Manorama (Malayalam News Paper) who  has been unanimously elected as Chairman of Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) for 2014-15?
Amit Mathew.

64. Former GlaxoSmithKline China chief who was given a three year suspended prison sentence by China for bribing doctors?
Mark Reilly.
China has fined British pharmaceuticals giant GlaxoSmithKline three billion yuan (£297 million) for paying out bribes in what is a record penalty for China.

65. Arjuna award winning volleyball player and a member of the bronze medal winning team at the Seoul Olympics in 1986, passed away on September 19, 2014?
K. Udayakumar.
He was honoured with the Arjuna award in 1991.

66. Chinese professional tennis player who announced her retirement from the professional tennis on 19 September 2014?
Li Na.
She won two Grand Slam singles titles, 2011 French Open and 2014 Australian Open.
She was the first Chinese player to win a WTA tour title at the Guangzhou International Women's Open in 2004, the first to reach a Grand Slam singles quarterfinal at the 2006 Wimbledon Championships, and the first to break into the world's top 10.

67. Which country won the first medal at 17th Asian Games?
China.
China won first gold medal of 17th Asian Games through 4 women shooters in women’s 10m Air Pistol team event on 20 September 2014.

68. Bangalore based Indian architect who has been named as "young leader of tomorrow" by Time magazine for his pioneering work in designing affordable flood proof houses for slum dwellers?
Alok Shetty.

69. ASIAN GAMES-2014 –AT A GLANCE:

          17th Asian Games (XVII Asiad 2014) was held in Incheon which is the third largest city of South Korea after Seoul and Busan. The 2014 Asian Games, officially known as the XVII Asiad held from September 19 – October 4, 2014, with 439 events in 36 sports and disciplines featured in the Games.  47 countries took part in the Asian Games-2014.
             Incheon was awarded the right on April 17, 2007, defeating Delhi, India to host the Games. Incheon was the third city in South Korea after Seoul (1986) and Busan (2002) to host the Asian Games. Now South Korea has hosted the Asian Games for three times. The motto of 17th Asian Games is ‘Diversity Shines Here’. The three official mascots of 17th Asian Games are Chumuro, Vichuon and Barame. The above three mascots represents the animal “spotted seal”.

           The final medal tally was led by China, followed by South Korea and Japan. 14 World and 27 Asian records were broken during the Games. China won 342 medals which include 151 gold, 108 silver and 83 bronze. China has now topped the Asian Games medals tally consecutively for 9 times. Six cases of doping were reported from 17th Asian Games.
           India is in the 8th position in medal tally and won 57 medals overall, including 11 gold medals, 10 silver and 36 bronze medals in the Asian games-2014. India won 65 medals in the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou in China with 12 medals (5 gold, 2 silver, 5 bronze) coming from athletics.

70. Which country will host the 18the Asian Games to be held in 2018?
Indonesia.
These games would be hosted in three cities of Indonesia– capital Jakarta, Bandung and Palembang. Earlier Vietnamese capital Hanoi was selected for hosting the 18th Asian Games but it withdrew due to financial constraints.

71. Who has been appointed the Chef-de-Mission of the Indian contingent for Asian Games-2014 held in Incheon, South Korea?
Adille Sumariwalla.

72. Japanese swimmer who has been selected as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Asian Games-2014?
Kosuke Hagino.
He won medals in all the seven events he took part and thus won 4 gold medals, 1 silver medal and 2 bronze medals.

73. ) Who won the first gold medal for India at 17th Asian Games?
 Jitu Rai.
Shooter Jitu Rai won the gold medal in the men’s 50m Pistol event held on 20 September 2014. Saurav Ghosal won the first silver medal for India in men’s squash singles at the 17th Asian Games.

74. Indian boxer from Manipur who refused to accept the bronze medal  during the medal ceremony for the women’s light 60-kilogram division boxing at the 17th Asian Games in Incheon?
Laishram Sarita Devi.
Sarita Devi entered the semi-finals to face South Korea's Park Ji-Na on September 30. After the match, she was handed a 0–3 defeat verdict by the judges of the match, which turned out to be hugely controversial, considering that Devi had knocked Park out in the third round and also a convincing fourth round, before having rained heavy blows on Park throughout the first two rounds. Following this, the Indian team lodged a protest against the decision, which was rejected by the AIBA's technical committee. At the medal awarding ceremony, Devi refused to accept her bronze medal and handed it over to the silver medallist, Park Jina. However, she accepted the medal later. This was followed by provisional suspension of Devi and her coaches by the AIBA, barring from participating in the AIBA's events until further notice.

75. Who was elected as the President of Afghanistan on 21 September 2014?
Ashraf Ghani.
He previously served as Finance Minister and as the chancellor of Kabul University.

76. Who won the seventh Bilbao Chess Masters Final (also called the Grand Slam Chess Final) which was held from 14–20 September (2014) in Bilbao?
Viswanathan Anand.

77. Who won the Formula One Singapore Grand Prix-2014?
Lewis Hamilton.

78. Emmy-winning actress and singer  who in a long career played the terrorized wife in the original Cape Fear and the first woman president in “Kisses for My President”, passed away on September 20, 2014?

Polly Bergen.
She was an American actress, singer, television host, writer, and entrepreneur. She won an Emmy Award in 1958 for her performance as Helen Morgan in The Helen Morgan Story. For her stage work she was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for her performance as Carlotta Campion in Follies in 2001. Her film work included 1962's Cape Fear and 1963's The Caretakers, for which she was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama. She hosted her own variety show for one season (The Polly Bergen Show), and as an author wrote three books on beauty, fashion, and charm.

79. Name the space probe of NASA designed to study the Martian atmosphere which reached Mars on September 22, 2014?
MAVEN .
Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN Mission (MAVEN). MAVEN was successfully launched aboard an Atlas V launch vehicle at the beginning of the first launch window on November 18, 2013. On September 22, 2014, MAVEN reached Mars and was inserted into an areocentric elliptic orbit 6,200 km (3,900 mi) by 150 km (93 mi) above the planet's surface.

80. Jnanapith winner who has been selected as the 21st recipient of the J.C. Daniel award, the ultimate recognition in Malayalam films, for multi-fold contribution to cinema?
M.T. Vasudevan Nair.
The award, which carries a cash prize of `1 lakh, a certificate and a plaque.

81. Who is the current Director-General of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)?
Lieutenant-General Rizwan Akhtar.
He was appointed for the position on 22 September 2014.
The Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (more commonly known as just the Inter-Services Intelligence or simply by its initials ISI), is the premier intelligence service of Pakistan, operationally responsible for providing critical national security and intelligence assessment to the Government of Pakistan.

82. Which country won the 2014 FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship?
Poland.
The 2014 FIVB Volleyball Men's World Championship was held in Poland from 30 August to 21 September 2014. The tournament featured 24 teams to determine the world champions in men's volleyball. In addition to the host nation Poland, 23 teams qualified for the tournament by means of continental and regional competitions. The matches took place in seven venues across seven Polish cities, with the final being held at Spodek, Katowice.

83. Which country created history by becoming the first country in the world to successfully get a spacecraft into the Martian orbit on its maiden attempt?
India.
India is the first Asian nation to reach Mars orbit, and the first nation to do so on its first attempt. After a 298-day transit to Mars, Mangalyaan, spacecraft of India  was successfully inserted into Mars orbit on 24 September 2014.

84. MANGALYAAN-BRIEF DESCRIPTION:



         The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan  is a spacecraft orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is India's first interplanetary mission and ISRO has become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after the Soviet space program, NASA, and the European Space Agency.

The Mars Orbiter Mission probe lifted-off from the First Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (Sriharikota Range SHAR), Andhra Pradesh, using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) rocket C25 on 5 November 2013. The launch window was approximately 20 days long and started on 28 October 2013. The MOM probe spent about a month in Earth orbit, where it made a series of seven apogee-raising orbital manoeuvres before trans-Mars injection on 30 November 2013 (UTC). After a 298-day transit to Mars, it was successfully inserted into Mars orbit on 24 September 2014. The spacecraft is currently being monitored from the Spacecraft Control Centre at ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bangalore with support from Indian Deep Space Network (IDSN) antennae at Byalalu.



The total cost of the mission was approximately  450 Crore (US$73 million), making it the least-expensive Mars mission to date. The low cost of the mission was ascribed by K. Radhakrishnan, the chairman of ISRO, to various factors, including a "modular approach", few ground tests and long (18-20 hour) working days for scientists. BBC's Jonathan Amos mentioned lower worker costs, home-grown technologies, simpler design, and significantly less complicated payload than NASA's MAVEN.

85. Which country has built world’s tallest flagpole which stands 170 meters high on September 24, 2014?
Saudi Arabia.
The flagpole is equipped with an automatic hoisting system, advanced cameras, equipment for measuring wind speed and a lighting system for important occasions.

86. Sri Lankan cricketer who has been named head coach of the national cricket team of Sri Lanka in September 2014?
Marvan Atapattu.
He played for Sri Lanka between 1990 and 2007.

87. Osama bin Laden's son-in-law and former al Qaeda spokesman who was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted by a U.S. jury of terrorism-related charges in March?
Sulaiman Abu Ghaith.

88. Who were named honorary co-winners of the 2014 Right Livelihood Award
 Edward Snowden and Alan Rusbridger,
           Alan Rusbridger, the Guardian’s editor-in-chief who has been awarded 2014’s Right Livelihood Honorary Award, recognising his work in “building a global media organisation dedicated to responsible journalism in the public interest, undaunted by the challenges of exposing corporate and government malpractices”.

      Snowden, who currently has asylum in Russia, is wanted by the US government on espionage charges over exposing extensive telephone and internet data-collection programmes used by the US National Security Agency (NSA). He was recognized for “revealing the unprecedented extent of state surveillance.”

           There are five recipients of this year’s Right Livelihood Awards. The three other people sharing the Right Livelihood Award are Pakistani human rights activist Asma Jahangir, Sri Lankan-born Basil Fernando of the Asian Human Rights Commission and US environmentalist Bill McKibben. Bill McKibben, is the founder of the international climate action group 350.org.
Brief Note about the Right Livelihood Award: The Right Livelihood Award is an international award to "honour and support those offering practical and exemplary answers to the most urgent challenges facing us today. The prize was established in 1980 by German-Swedish philanthropist Jakob von Uexkull, and is presented annually in early December. An international jury, invited by the five regular Right Livelihood Award board members, decides the awards in such fields as environmental protection, human rights, sustainable development, health, education, and peace. The prize money is shared among the winners, usually numbering four, and is EUR 200,000. The Right Livelihood Awards are presented annually in the Swedish Parliament and are often referred to as ‘Alternative Nobel Prizes’.

89. Name the first female fighter pilot of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) who leads UAE mission airstrikes against ISIS over Syria?
Mariam al-Mansuri.
She was one of the first women to join the United Arab Emirates Air Force (UAEAF) academy after women were allowed to join, graduating in 2007. She flies an F-16 Fighting Falcon. ISIS is the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, the former name of the Islamic State, a terrorist's group.

90. Which state of India has started the country’s first olive refinery in September 2014?
Rajasthan.
India’s first olive refinery started in Lunkaransar area of Bikaner district in Rajasthan, to cater to the rising demand for olive oil in the country.

91. What is the name given to the major new national program to encourage companies to invest in the manufacturing sector in India which was launched by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014?
Make in India.
It was launched on 25 September 2014 in a function at the Vigyan Bhawan. The major objective behind the initiative is to focus on 25 sectors of the economy for job creation and skill enhancement. Some of these sectors are: automobiles, chemicals, IT, pharmaceuticals, textiles, ports, aviation, leather, tourism and hospitality, wellness, railways, auto components, design manufacturing, renewable energy, mining, bio-technology, and electronics.

92. Managing Editor of Hindi daily “Jagran” who has been elected as the Chairman of Press Trust of India?
Mahendra Mohan Gupta.
Hormusji N Cama, Managing Director of Bombay Samachar was elected as the Vice chairman of Press Trust of India.

93. Which university of India is the 4th most searched university across the globe and first Indian university most searched in India, according to a survey conducted by the Google,  .
University of Calicut, Kerala.
There are 5 Indian universities in Google's top 20 list. Among them, Anna University, Tamil Nadu is in the 6th position, University of Mumbai is in the 11th position, University of Rajasthan is in the 18th position and Annamalai University is in the 20th position.

94. Who tops the Forbes list of 100 richest Indian tycoons for eighth consecutive time?
Mukesh Ambani.

95. The Attorney General of USA and the first African-American to hold the nation’s top law enforcement position, who announced on September 25, 2014 his plan to resign the post he’s held for nearly six years?
Eric Holder.

96. Name the short range surface-to-surface missile that has a range of 60 kilometres which is successfully test fired by Pakistan on September 26, 2014?
 'Hatf IX’.

97. Chief Minister of Maharashtra who resigned from his post on September 26, 2014, a day after the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) withdrew support to his government and reduced it to a minority?
Prithviraj Chavan.
He was the 22nd Chief Minister of Maharashtra.

98. Name the footballer who has reached the 400 goal mark for Barcelona and Argentina?
Lionel Messi.
His 400 goals comprised of 359 for Barcelona and 42 for Argentina.

99. Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu who was sentenced to four years in prison on September 27, 2014  after being convicted in an Rs 66-crore disproportionate assets case by a special sessions court in Bangalore?
Jayalalitha.
The chief minister of the southern state of Tamil Nadu was found guilty of amassing wealth of more than $10m (£6.1m) which was unaccounted for.

100. The younger sister of revolutionary and freedom fighter Bhagat Singh who has passed away in Brampton, Canada?
Parkash Kaur.
Bhagat Singh was awarded capital punishment for killing a British police officer in Lahore in 1928. He was hanged to death in March 1931.

101. Wife of Maharashtra Anti-Terror Squad chief Hemant Karkare, martyred during the 26/11 Mumbai terror attack, passed away on September 29, 2015 after she suffered brain haemorrhage?
Kavita Karkare.

102. Which social networking website owned and operated by Google shut down completely on September 30, 2014?
Orkut.
Orkut was designed to help users meet new and old friends and maintain existing relationships. The website was named after its creator, Google employee Orkut Buyukkokten.

103. Who is the current champion of World Youth Chess Championship Under-10 boy title?
Nihal Sarin.
Nihal is a chess player and a child prodigy from Thrissur, Kerala, India. He won the World under-10 (Classic) open title at the World Youth Chess Championship which was held in Durban, South Africa in September 2014.

104. Which countries have in principle agreed to extend their defence agreement for another 10 years which will take forward the cooperation between the two countries in the crucial area?
India and USA.

105. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani signed the bilateral security agreement between his government and the United States on September 30, 2014. The primary explicit purpose of the agreement is?
The signing of the agreements enables U.S. and NATO forces to continue to assist the development of Afghan security forces past the end of this year.

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